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Pet Vaccine in San Bruno, CA

Rabies, Distemper, Parvo, & More: Essential Core Vaccines for Dogs Explained

By February 1, 2024March 13th, 2024No Comments

It’s completely natural to feel a bit anxious about your dog’s well-being. Trust me, as fellow pet lovers, we’ve navigated those same waters and discovered that the right pet vaccinations can truly be lifesavers for our beloved canine companions.

In this article, we’ll unpack all you need to know about crucial vaccines such as rabies, distemper, parvo, and others – helping ensure your pup stays happy and healthy. Stick with us to safeguard your furry friend!

Dog Vaccines 101

A vaccine is a powerful pet wellness tool in our arsenal against canine diseases. It works by training the immune system to recognize and combat pathogens, either viruses or bacteria, without actually causing the disease itself.

This mock battle prepares your dog’s body to fight off real threats if they ever encounter them. Vaccines contain components of these pathogens, called antigens, which are modified or killed so they can’t cause sickness but still prompt an immune response.

Our core vaccines for dogs protect against deadly diseases such as rabies, distemper, parvovirus, and more. By introducing these vaccines according to a specific schedule, we ensure that puppies grow into adults with strong defenses against common ailments.

Types of Vaccines

There are two main types of vaccines: modified live and killed. Choosing between these vaccine types depends on various factors including your dog’s health, months of age, and lifestyle as well as specific risks in your area for diseases such as canine parvovirus, canine distemper, and rabies vaccination requirements.

  • Modified Live Vaccines – Uses a weakened form of the virus that can still grow in a dog’s body without causing the disease. This type stimulates a strong immune response, which helps prepare the dog’s system to fight off the actual disease if it ever comes into contact with it.
  • Killed Vaccines – Contains viruses or bacteria that have been inactivated. They cannot grow or reproduce in your dog’s body but still trigger an immune response to build protection against diseases. Might need annual boosters to maintain immunity since their initial impact is less powerful than that of modified live vaccines.

Recommended Vaccines for Dogs

We must keep our dogs healthy and safe by ensuring they get their core vaccines. These vaccines protect them from serious diseases like rabies, distemper, parvo, and more.

Core Vaccines (Rabies, Distemper, Adenovirus, Parvovirus)

  • Rabies Vaccine – Mandatory in many areas due to public health laws. It protects dogs from a viral zoonotic disease that affects the central nervous system of mammals., including humans.
  • Distemper Vaccine – Combats a highly contagious disease that can cause severe respiratory and neurological issues in dogs.
  • Adenovirus Vaccine – Protect dogs from hepatitis, a liver disease that can be fatal if not addressed early.
  • Parvovirus Vaccine – Crucial for puppies especially, safeguarding them from an extremely contagious virus known for causing devastating intestinal and immune system damage.

Core vaccines are essential for every dog’s health, offering protection against some of the most dangerous canine diseases. Together, these core vaccines form a shield around our pets, preventing outbreaks of serious illnesses that once claimed the lives of countless dogs worldwide. By adhering to recommended vaccination schedules, we ensure our furry friends lead healthier and happier lives.

Non-Core Vaccines

Non-core vaccines play a crucial role in the broader protection of dogs against specific diseases. Bordetella and canine parainfluenza vaccines guard against kennel cough, a highly contagious respiratory disease.

  • Bordatella Vaccine – Guard against kennel cough, a highly contagious respiratory disease that can affect dogs, particularly those in close quarters such as kennels, boarding facilities, dog parks, and training classes.
  • Canine Parainfluenza Vaccine – Prevents dog flu, which can cause severe respiratory symptoms
  • Leptospirosis Vaccine  – Protects against a bacterial infection that can affect various organs and lead to severe health issues or even death.
  • Lyme Disease Vaccine – Helps prevent a disease transmitted by ticks and known for causing fever, lameness, and joint swelling

These vaccinations are recommended based on the dog’s exposure risk to these diseases. We choose non-core vaccines for our dogs based on their lifestyle and the diseases common in our region.

For example, dogs that spend time hiking or camping might need the Lyme disease vaccine due to higher tick exposure.

Similarly, pets frequently socializing at parks or boarding facilities may benefit from bordetella and canine influenza vaccines to protect against airborne diseases commonly spread in these environments.

Making informed decisions about non-core vaccines ensures our furry friends stay as healthy as possible.

Vaccination Schedules

Puppy Vaccine Schedule

Puppies start their vaccination schedule between 6 to 8 weeks old. The series includes vaccines for core diseases such as distemper, parvovirus, adenovirus, and rabies. These shots are critical for building your puppy’s immunity against these dangerous illnesses.

Puppies receive several boosters of these vaccines at three-to-four-week intervals until they reach about 16 weeks of age.

Following the initial vaccine series, a booster is typically given one year later to reinforce protection. Rabies vaccination might have a different schedule based on local laws but is usually administered around 12 to 16 weeks of age.

Staying on top of these vaccinations ensures your puppy grows into a healthy adult dog protected from life-threatening diseases like canine distemper and parvovirus.

Adult Dog Vaccination Schedule

After your puppy completes their initial vaccination series, the focus shifts to maintaining their immunity into adulthood. Adult dogs need regular vaccinations to keep them protected against serious diseases.

Core vaccines for dogs, including rabies, distemper, parvovirus, adenovirus (hepatitis), and leptospirosis, should be administered according to a specific time frame advised by a vet.

For adult dogs, the schedule typically involves a booster shot of core vaccines every three years. Yet, some might require more frequent vaccinations based on their health status and risk factors.

It’s crucial for dog owners to consult with their veterinarian to determine the best vaccination plan tailored to their dog’s needs. Keeping up with these vaccinations is key in safeguarding not only your pet’s health but also preventing the spread of infectious diseases among other animals and humans.

Safeguard Your Pet Today!

Core vaccines like rabies, distemper, and parvo shield dogs from deadly diseases. Schedules for puppy vaccinations ensure young pets get a healthy start. Owners can easily follow these guidelines to protect their furry friends.

Vaccines play a crucial role in the overall health and well-being of dogs. Let’s make sure our pets receive these vital shots on time by scheduling an appointment with Masson Veterinary Hospital today!